Fleksibilno vođenje energetskog sustava

Barbarić, Marina (2014) Fleksibilno vođenje energetskog sustava. = Flexible operation of energy system. Master's thesis (Bologna) , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Lončar, Dražen.

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Abstract (Croatian)

Povećanje proizvodnje energije iz varijabilnih izvora kao što su vjetar i sunce, značajno utječe na način vođenja energetskih sustava. Rezidualno opterećenje, koje predstavlja razliku između opterećenja i ukupne proizvodnje iz povlaštenih izvora ima bitno različite karakteristike od samog opterećenja, što zahtjeva razmatranje različitih mogućnosti fleksibilnog vođenja sustava. U ovom radu dan je pregled i opis različitih mogućnosti osiguravanja fleksibilnosti u sustavu, koje uključuju proizvodna postrojenja, tehnologije za skladištenje energije, ali i djelovanje na strani potrošnje. Opisan je značaj i uloga regulacije frekvencije i djelatne snage u elektroenergetskom sustavu te utjecaj povećanja proizvodnje električne energije iz varijabilnih izvora na potrebne regulacijske rezerve snage. Razvijen je matematički model mikromreže koja obuhvaća kogeneracijsko postrojenje, fotonaponski modul, toplinski spremnik i upravljivu potrošnju. Obzirom na važnu ulogu toplinskog spremnika u fleksibilnom vođenju sustava, razvijen je jednodimenzijski matematički model toplinskog spremnika, te je simulirana promjena temperature po visini spremnika u određenim uvjetima pogona mikromreže. Na kraju je provedena simulacija pogona mikromreže kroz zimski, ljetni i tjedan u prijelaznom razdoblju, na osnovu nekoliko predloženih strategija vođenja sustava. Predložene strategije međusobno su uspoređene s obzirom na ekonomičnost pogona.

Abstract

The increasing energy production from variable renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy significantly affects the way energy systems are managed. The residual load, which represents the difference between the load and the total production from privileged sources, can have different properties than the load alone. Additional flexibility is required from the remaining power plants and the other resources in the system to maintain the generation-demand balance under the conditions of higher variability. This thesis gives an overview and description of different flexibility options in energy systems, including both supply and demand side. The energy storage technologies potential application in energy system with high share of variable energy sources and a overview of the energy storage technologies is given. The importance of frequency and active power regulation in an electrical systems is also described, as well as the impact of an increase in the production from variable energy sources on the required regulation power reserves. A mathematical model of a microgrid, comprising cogeneration plants, photovoltaic module, thermal energy storage system and controllable loads, has been developed. Given the important role of the thermal energy storage system in the flexible microgrid operation, a one-dimensional mathematical model of the thermal storage tank has been developed, and the temperature profile in the tank is simulated under certain conditions of the microgrid operation. Finally, a simulation of microgrid operation during a winter week, summer week, and a week in the transitional period is performed on the basis of several proposed strategies of the system operation. The proposed strategies are compared with respect to cost effectiveness.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's thesis (Bologna))
Uncontrolled Keywords: fleksibilno vođenje energetskog sustava; rezidualno opterećenje; mikromreže; spremnici energije; upravljanje potrošnjom
Keywords (Croatian): flexible operation of energy system; residual load; microgrids; energy storage systems; controllable loads
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE
TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 510 Power Engineering and Energy Management Chair
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2014 13:27
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2015 12:45
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/3019

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