Energetski sustavi sa visokim stupnjem penetracije centralnog grijanja i hlađenja u Hrvatskoj - primjer energetskog planiranja Karlovačke županije

Bačeković, Ivan (2015) Energetski sustavi sa visokim stupnjem penetracije centralnog grijanja i hlađenja u Hrvatskoj - primjer energetskog planiranja Karlovačke županije. = Energy systems with a high penetration of district heating and cooling in Croatia - an example of energy planning for the Karlovac county. Undergraduate thesis , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Duić, Neven.

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Abstract (Croatian)

U ovom radu prikazan je postupak energetskog planiranja na primjeru Karlovačke županije. Poseban naglasak stavljen je na centralizirane toplinske sustave i njihov utjecaj na cijeli energetski sustav u vidu omogućavanja fleksibilnijeg vođenja sustava te veće implementacije obnovljivih izvora energije. U prvom dijelu rada dane su teoretske osnove kojima se nastojalo opisati centralizirane toplinske sustave, način njihova funkcioniranja te prednosti koje donose. Opisano je i trenutno stanje tih sustava u Hrvatskoj i Europskoj Uniji, kao i budući trendovi razvoja. Nadalje, dan je pregled najvažnijih zakonskih regulativa i direktiva na nacionalnoj i europskoj razini koje se odnose na centralizirane toplinske sustave te njihovu implementaciju. U drugom dijelu rada opisan je konkretan postupak energetskog planiranja Karlovačke županije. Za uspješno izvođenje tog postupka bilo je potrebno opisati trenutno stanje energetskog sustava županije te se upoznati s postojećim planovima razvoja. Prikazana su tri scenarija razvoja energetskog sustava. Prvi scenarij je razvijen prema principu „business as usual“ i on podrazumijeva nastavak postojećih trendova, dok preostala dva scenarija uključuju unaprjeđenje centraliziranih toplinskih sustava te visoku penetraciju obnovljivih izvora energije i centraliziranih toplinskih sustava. Izvršena je analiza potrošnje energije, kretanje uvoza i izvoza energije te emisija CO2 u različitim scenarijima.

Abstract

In this paper an example of energy planning for the Karlovac County has been demonstrated. District heating systems and their impact on the whole energy system in terms of more flexible control of the system and higher implementation of renewable energy sources have been emphasised. In the first part of the paper the theoretical background has been given with the purpose of describing district heating and cooling systems, principles of their operation and the benefits they bring. Current state of these systems in Croatia and European Union has been described, as well as the future development trends. Furthermore, an overview of the most important legislations and directives on the national and European level related to the district heating and cooling systems and their implementation has been given. In the second part of the paper the energy planning method for the Karlovac County has been described. For the successful application of this method, it was necessary to describe the current state of the energy system of the county, as well as get acquainted with the existing development plans. Three scenarios of the energy system development have been described. First scenario was developed by the „business as usual“ principle and it purports continuation of the existing trends, while the two other scenarios include district heating systems development and a high penetration of renewable energy sources and district heating systems. Energy consumption, energy import and export and CO2 emissions have been analysed in different scenarios.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: energetsko planiranje; centralizirani toplinski sustavi; EnergyPLAN; OIE; emisije CO2
Keywords (Croatian): energy planning; district heating systems; EnergyPLAN; RES; CO2 emissions
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering > process energy engineering
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 510 Power Engineering and Energy Management Chair
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2015 08:20
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2015 12:42
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/3200

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