Skladištenje i transport prirodnog plina i naftnih plinova u spremnicima

Popović, Marko (2015) Skladištenje i transport prirodnog plina i naftnih plinova u spremnicima. = Storage and transport of natural gas and petroleum gases in the tanks. Undergraduate thesis , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Ljubas, Davor.

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Abstract (Croatian)

U svijetu postoji nekoliko vrsta goriva koja se koriste u energetske svrhe te isto tako za pogon vozila. Neki od njih su benzinsko i dizelsko gorivo koji su dugi niz godina prisutni u široj uporabi. Unazad nekoliko desetaka godina uz njih se povećava uporaba prirodnog i naftnog plina. U radu je objašnjena povijest korištenja plinova u kućanstvima, industriji, a naposlijetku i kao pogonska goriva za vozila. Njih se upotrebljava u više agregatnih stanja. Prirodni plin, kao i naftni plin, pronalazi širu uporabu u kapljevitom stanju. Naftni plin se ne koristi u plinovitom stanju, dok se prirodni koristi kao stlačeni prirodni plin. Od početka ukapljivanja prirodnog plina pa do danas, u procesima ukapljivanja nije došlo do velikih promjena. Prvo ukapljivanje prirodnog plina seže u 19. stoljeće kada je britanski kemičar i fizičar Michael Faraday obavljao pokuse ukapljivanja plinova, između ostalog i prirodnog plina. Objašnjeni su svi problemi na koje se nailazilo tijekom povijesnog razvoja skladištenja i transporta plina. Prikazani su spremnici u koje se skladišti ukapljeni prirodni plin i ukapljeni naftni plin te njihove karakteristike. U današnje vrijeme uporaba prirodnog plina se povećava, a prognozira se da će se konzumacija plina kroz sljedećih desetaka godina dovesti na razinu konzumacije sa sadašnjim komercijalnim gorivima.

Abstract

There are a few different types of fuels that are currently in daily usage. Fuels are used for supplying houses, as well as for cars. Some of them are diesel and petrol fuels, finding wide usage for a long time. For the last few decades, the usage of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Petrolium Gas (LPG) has grown bigger. In this work, it was explained how the usage of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Petrolium Gas (LPG) was expanded through the past. Since the beginning of liquefaction, steps and work that had to be done had not been changed at all. With thedevelopment of technology, the proces of Petrolium or Natural gas liquefaction has become easier. In the 19th century, british chemist and physicist Michael Faraday was experimenting with gases in general, by liquefactioning them. In this work it is explained that during the past, distribution of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Petrolium Gas (LPG) was difficult. The work is explaining the design development of tanks used for storage of LNG and LPG. Today, LPG and LNG are slowly taking place as one of the most important fuels for consumption. The estimate is that in the next few decades, LNG and LPG will reach the consumption of todays common fuels - petrol and diesel.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: prirodni plin, naftni plin, ukapljivanje, pogonsko gorivo.
Keywords (Croatian): natural gas, petrolium gas, liquefaction, engine fuel.
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE
TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering > general mechanical engineering (construction)
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 540 Chair of Water and Environmental Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2015 11:47
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2015 12:40
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/4753

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