Waste Heat Recovery of Internal Combustion Engine by Organic Rankine Cycle

Guzović, Zvonimir and Klun, Mario and Rašković, Predrag (2013) Waste Heat Recovery of Internal Combustion Engine by Organic Rankine Cycle. = Waste Heat Recovery of Internal Combustion Engine by Organic Rankine Cycle. In: 8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 22-27.09.2013., Dubrovnik, Hrvatska.

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Official URL: http://bib.irb.hr/prikazi-rad?&rad=665916


Both the increase in the cost of energy during the past decades and many environmental problems caused by fossil fuel consumption lead that energy savings have been of great importance. In internal combustion engine (ICE) the chemical energy of the fuel is converted into heat through combustion. By some of the thermodynamic cycles, part of heat energy is converted into useful mechanical work. The remaining heat energy is realised into the environment as the waste heat generated from exhaust gas and cooling water. So, ICE typically have a thermodynamic efficiency in the range of 20 to 50%. On the other hand, there is proven, commercially available technology to convert part of the waste heat into electricity. This is Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), used since several decades in geothermal power plants. Applications of this technology for waste heat recovery are rather premature. The exhaust gases have a temperature in the range 300 – 400 degrees Celsius and thus are very suitable as heat source for an ORC system. Also the jacket cooling water, with temperatures between 80 – 90 degrees Celsius, also can be integrated in ORC system. On this manner the total efficiency of the combined system (ICE and ORC) can be substantially improved. In this paper, energy analysis with aim to improve the recovery of the waste heat of an ICE with Organic Rankine Bottoming Cycle (ORBC) is presented. Considering characteristics of the waste heat of exhaust gas and cooling water, a combined cycle for waste heat recovery of ICE is proposed. The thermodynamic analysis show that in case biogas ICE of 555 kW power a 9.2% increase in the overall power and 3.7% increase in the overall thermodynamic efficiency can be achieved with respect to the engine with no bottoming with ORC.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords (Croatian): Waste heat recovery, Internal combustion engine, Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC)
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 530 Chair of Turbomachinery
Indexed in Web of Science: No
Indexed in Current Contents: No
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2016 10:46
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2016 12:48
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/5279

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