Sustainability Comparison of Campus and Community Microgrids through SDEWES Index and H2RES

Gašparović, Goran and Kilkis, Siir and Krajačić, Goran (2015) Sustainability Comparison of Campus and Community Microgrids through SDEWES Index and H2RES. = Sustainability Comparison of Campus and Community Microgrids through SDEWES Index and H2RES. In: 10th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, SDEWES Conference, Dubrovnik 2015, 27.09.-02.10.2015., Hrvatska.

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Abstract

A micro grid is by definition of USA Department of Energy "A group of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources with clearly defined boundaries that act as a single controllable entity with respect to the grid, and can connect and disconnect from the grid to enable it to operate in both connected or island mode." [1] The optimized design and control of micro grids can increase energy independence and diversify energy sources in the energy system. At the same time, micro grid applications need to be taken together with other dimensions of sustainable development for better integrated planning and assessment. The paper proposes assessing through the SDEWES (Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environmental Systems) Index a variety of communities targeted for sustainable development. The two communities are a residential neighbourhood and the campus of University of Split. Comparison with the conglomeration of the city of Split is studied in areas of energy consumption, renewable resources generation, and water management along with integration of power generation, mobility and other socio-economic and environmental factors, such as air quality and greenhouse gasses (GHG) emissions. Potential new micro grid operations are proposed within the conglomeration. New installations of renewable energy sources (RES) in urban areas, such as Building Integrated Photo Voltaic (BIPV) are explored. Integration of RES is examined to provide optimal conditions for predicted electrical loads within a 24-hour period. All indicators are assessed with the Index, with proposals for further extension of Index dimensions and parameters for micro grid applications. Energy planning case studies for decentralized generation of renewable energy and electrification of transportation are conducted in H2RES energy planning software for hourly energy balances. Other modes of transport are proposed in terms of higher share of public transport utilization and selfmobility options. The paper will conclude with the lessons from the use of a hybrid approach for conducting sustainability comparisons of various communities that have micro grid applications based on the SDEWES Index adapted for micro grid purposes and H2RES energy planning software. The results will also be useful for proposing future directions for the various communities targeting sustainable development.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Keywords (Croatian): Sustainability, Micro grid, H2RES, PV, SDEWES Index, Campus, Residential building, smart grid
Subjects: SOCIAL SCIENCES > Information and communication sciences
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 510 Power Engineering and Energy Management Chair
Indexed in Web of Science: No
Indexed in Current Contents: No
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 10:49
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2017 11:08
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/5630

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