A Computational Model of Biochemomechanical Effects of Intraluminal Thrombus on the Enlargement of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Virag, Lana and Wilson, John S. and Humphrey, Jay D. and Karšaj, Igor (2015) A Computational Model of Biochemomechanical Effects of Intraluminal Thrombus on the Enlargement of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. = A Computational Model of Biochemomechanical Effects of Intraluminal Thrombus on the Enlargement of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. Annals of biomedical engineering, 43 (12). pp. 2852-2867. ISSN 0090-6964. Vrsta rada: ["eprint_fieldopt_article_type_article" not defined]. . Točan broj autora: 4.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26070724

Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) typically develop an intraluminal thrombus (ILT), yet most computational models of AAAs have focused on either the mechanics of the wall or the hemodynamics within the lesion, both in the absence of ILT. In the few cases wherein ILT has been modeled directly, as, for example, in static models that focus on the state of stress in the aortic wall and the associated rupture risk, thrombus has been modeled as an inert, homogeneous, load-bearing material. Given the biochemomechanical complexity of an ILT, there is a pressing need to consider its diverse effects on the evolving aneurysmal wall. Herein, we present the first growth and remodeling model that addresses together the biomechanics, mechanobiology, and biochemistry of thrombus-laden AAAs. Whereas it has been shown that aneurysmal enlargement in the absence of ILT depends primarily on the stiffness and turnover of fibrillar collagen, we show that the presence of a thrombus within lesions having otherwise the same initial wall composition and properties can lead to either arrest or rupture depending on the biochemical effects (e.g., release of proteases) and biomechanical properties (e.g., stiffness of fibrin) of the ILT. These computational results suggest that ILT should be accounted for when predicting the potential enlargement or rupture risk of AAAs and highlight specific needs for further experimental and computational research.

Item Type: Article (["eprint_fieldopt_article_type_article" not defined])
Keywords (Croatian): Growth and remodeling, Wall stress, Proteolytic activity, Elastin degradation, Collagen remodeling.
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: 200 Department of Engineering Mechanics > 210 Chair of Mechanics and Strength of Materials
Indexed in Web of Science: Yes
Indexed in Current Contents: Yes
Citations JCR: 0 (29.11.2016.)
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2016 08:22
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2016 08:52
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/5773

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