Organization of the Purchasing Function for Innovation

Prester, Jasna and Matijević, Božidar (2014) Organization of the Purchasing Function for Innovation. = Organization of the Purchasing Function for Innovation. In: ICOMS 2014: XII International Conference on Operations Management and Strategy, 13-14.11.2014, Venecija, Italija.

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Abstract

Innovations not only contribute to competitiveness of the company but have also positive effects on revenues. On average, product innovations account to 14 percent of companies’ sales. Innovation management has substantially changed during the last decade, because of growing reliance on external partners. As a consequence, a new task for purchasing arises, as firms need to understand which suppliers actually do have high potential contributing to the innovativeness of the firm and which do not. Proper organization of the purchasing function is important since for the majority of manufacturing companies deal with substantial material costs which pass through the purchasing function. In the past the purchasing function was largely seen as a transaction-oriented, clerical function but today purchasing is the intermediate with supply chain partners contributing to innovations, be it product or process innovations. Therefore, purchasing function has to be organized differently to enable firm innovation potential. However, innovations are inherently risky. There are behavioral risk (that some partner will take advantage of the other party), technological risk in terms of complexity of products and processes of manufacturing and incoming materials and finally market risks, which in fact judge the value of the innovation. These risks are investigated in this work. Specifically, technological risks which deal with complexity of the products, and processes will be investigated more thoroughly. Buying components or such high edge technologies necessities careful investigation of technical features and therefore is usually conducted by a team of experts. Therefore it is hypothesized that higher the technological risk, higher will be the centralization of the purchasing function as an interface with other supply chain members. Main contribution of this research lies is in the fact that analysis was performed on a large data set of 1493 companies, from 25 countries collected in the GMRG 4 survey. Most analyses of purchasing function are done by case study analysis of innovative firms. Therefore this study contributes with empirical evaluations that can be generalized.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Keywords (Croatian): Purchasing function organization, innovation, technological risk, GMRG 4 survey
Subjects: SOCIAL SCIENCES > Economy
Divisions: 1000 Department of Materials > 1020 Chair of Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 06:46
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 06:46
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/6561

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