Annual ring orientation effect on bending strength of subfossil elm wood

Rede, Vera and Essert, Sara and Kodvanj, Janoš (2017) Annual ring orientation effect on bending strength of subfossil elm wood. = Annual ring orientation effect on bending strength of subfossil elm wood. Journal of Wood Science. ISSN 1435-0211. Vrsta rada: ["eprint_fieldopt_article_type_article" not defined]. Kvartili JCR: Q1 (2017). Točan broj autora: 3.

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The effect of annual rings’ orientation on bending strength was examined on subfossil elm wood. Elm is extremely rarely found as subfossil wood, and during the last 50-60 years it has almost disappeared from natural forest stands of south-eastern Europe, due to the Elm Dutch disease. The samples were cut from approximately 670 years old subfossil elm trunk retrieved from the bed of the river Sava in the area between the villages Grebnice and Domaljevac in north Bosnia. The wood was identified to the genus level based on optical microscopy analysis of three wood sections - transverse, tangential and radial. Bending strength was determined by the three- point bending test. The load was applied to the longitudinal-tangential surface (LT) and to the longitudinal-radial surface (LR). The bending strength values of subfossil elm do not differ from the values of recent elm, despite the 700- year resting in anoxic river conditions. Bending strength in LT direction was slightly higher than bending strength in LR direction. The coefficient of variation and the standard deviation of the arithmetical mean were higher for LT direction. It was found that the measured bending strength for both directions follow Weibull distribution. Coefficient of determination of Weibull functions were close to 1 for both directions. The Weibull shape parameter was higher for LR direction.

Item Type: Article (["eprint_fieldopt_article_type_article" not defined])
Keywords (Croatian): subfossil elm wood, bending strength, annual ring orientation, Weibull distribution
Divisions: 1000 Department of Materials > 1010 Chair of Materials and Tribology
200 Department of Engineering Mechanics > 220 Chair of Experimental Mechanics
Indexed in Web of Science: Yes
Indexed in Current Contents: Yes
Quartiles: Q1 (2017)
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2016 09:34
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2018 10:53

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