Neizrazito prediktivno upravljanje mobilnim robotom

Ceraj, Luka (2017) Neizrazito prediktivno upravljanje mobilnim robotom. = Mobile robot fuzzy predictive control. Master's thesis (Bologna) , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Majetić, Dubravko.

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Abstract (Croatian)

Mogućnost predikcije, tj. predviđanja nekog događaja u budućnosti na temelju stečenih znanja i prijašnjih iskustava već desetljećima ima važnu ulogu u velikom broju znanstvenih i neznanstvenih disciplina. Predikcija u strojarstvu ima široku primjenu, a posebno u robotici. U ovom radu je prikazan jedan takav primjer. U sustav mobilnog robota biti će implementiran estimator stanja koji će na temelju poznate pozicije estimirati vrijednosti brzine i akceleracije. Na temelju estimiranih podataka mobilni robot će 'predviđati' položaj drugog mobilnog robota u nekom zadanom budućem trenutku, te će na temelju estimiranog položaja pokušati sustići svoj cilj, tj. drugog mobilnog robota, u svrhu skraćivanja potrebne putanje i što je važnije, proteklog vremena. Mobilni robot je upravljan pomoću analitičkog neizrazitog regulatora uz korištenje estimatora stanja. Provedene su simulacije za različite referentne putanje i različita vremenska horizonta predikcije, te različite početne pozicije i orijentacije robota. Po jedan slučaj za svaku definiranu putanju je izveden u laboratoriju na realnim mobilnim robotima.

Abstract

The possibility of prediction, i.e., prediction of a future event on the basis of acquired knowledge and previous experiences for decades has had an important role in a number of scientific and non-scientific disciplines. Prediction in mechanical engineering is widely used, especially in robotics. This paper presents one such example. The mobile robot system will be implemented with state estimator that will, given the known position estimate the value of speed and acceleration. Based on estimated data robot will 'predict' the position of the second mobile robot at a given future time, and will on the basis of the estimated position try to catch up with its target, i.e., second mobile robot, in order to shorten the necessary path and more importantly, the time elapsed. Mobile robot is controlled by analytical fuzzy controller using the state estimator. Simulations were performed for different reference trajectories and different time horizons of prediction, and different starting positions and orientations of the robots. One case for each defined path is performed in the laboratory with the real mobile robots.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's thesis (Bologna))
Uncontrolled Keywords: predikcija;mobilni roboti;referentna putanja;fuzzy logika;neizraziti sustav;analitički fuzzy regulator;estimator stanja;prediktivni algoritam
Keywords (Croatian): prediction;mobile robots;reference trajectory;fuzzy logic;fuzzy system;analytical fuzzy controller;state estimator;predictive algorithm;
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: 900 Department of Robotics and Production System Automation > 910 Chair of Engineering Automation
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 09:18
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2017 11:47
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/7608

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