Municipal solid waste system analysis through energy consumption and return approach

Tomić, Tihomir and Schneider, Daniel Rolph (2017) Municipal solid waste system analysis through energy consumption and return approach. = Municipal solid waste system analysis through energy consumption and return approach. Journal of environmental management. ISSN 0301-4797. Vrsta rada: ["eprint_fieldopt_article_type_article" not defined]. Kvartili JCR: Q1 (2016). Točan broj autora: 2. (In Press)

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Inappropriate waste management and poor resource efficiency are two of the biggest problems which European Union is trying to solve through Landfill Directive, Waste Framework Directive and Circular Economy Package by increasing recycling and reuse and reducing waste disposal. In order to meet set goals, new European Union member states must quickly change national legislature and implement appropriate solutions. In the circumstances of strong EU resource and energy dependence, decision makers need to analyse which of the considered waste management systems leads to higher overall benefits ie. which is more sustainable. The main problem in this kind of analysis is a wide range of possible technologies and the difference in inputs and outputs. Sustainability of these systems is analysed through single-score LCA based assessment, using primary energy used to produce materials and energy vectors as a common measure. To ensure reliable results, interoperability between different data sources and material flows of waste and its components are monitored. Tracking external and internal material, and energy flows enable modelling of mutual interactions between different facilities. Resulting PERI, primary energy return based index, is used for comparison of different waste management scenarios. Results show that time and legislation dependent changes have great influence on decision making related to waste management and interconnected systems.

Item Type: Article (["eprint_fieldopt_article_type_article" not defined])
Keywords (Croatian): Municipal solid waste management sustainability analysis ; Estimation inventory ; Primary energy ; Cumulative energy demand ; Energy and material flow tracking ; Decision making
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 510 Power Engineering and Energy Management Chair
Indexed in Web of Science: Yes
Indexed in Current Contents: Yes
Quartiles: Q1 (2016)
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 08:06
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 08:06

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