Hibridno hlađenje zgrade FSB-a korištenjem prirodne ventilacije i mehaničkog hlađenja

Bađun, Nikola (2018) Hibridno hlađenje zgrade FSB-a korištenjem prirodne ventilacije i mehaničkog hlađenja. = Hybrid cooling of the FAMENA building using natural ventilation and mechanical cooling. Undergraduate thesis , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Žakula, Tea.

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Abstract (Croatian)

U radu je analizirana ušteda u potrebnoj energiji za hlađenje nebodera južne zgrade Fakulteta strojarstva i brodogradnje korištenjem hibridnog hlađenja, odnosno kombinacije pasivnog i mehaničkog hlađenja. Pri tome je pretpostavljeno da se pasivno hlađenje ostvaruje isključivo poprečnom ventilacijom uslijed sila vjetra. Za izračun potrebne energije za hlađenje korišten je računalni program TRNSYS, dok je za simulacije pasivnog hlađenja korišten računalni program CoolVent. Rad sadrži opis korištenih računalnih alata, kao i matematičke modele komponente višezonske zgrade te poprečne ventilacije. Pod pretpostavkom rada sustava hlađenja tijekom perioda korištenja zgrade (od 8 do 18 sati, isključujući vikende i kolektivni godišnji odmor) te postavne temperature od 26°C izračunato je da godišnja potrebna energija za hlađenje bez korištenja pasivnog hlađenja iznosi 68.386 kWh (14,3 kWh/m2). Korištenjem rezultata simulacija pasivnog hlađenja za svaki je mjesec dobivena gornja granica vanjskih temperatura uz koju je unutarnja temperatura niža od 26°C, čime su zadovoljeni zahtjevi toplinske ugodnosti. Uspoređivanjem dobivenih temperatura s tipičnom meteorološkom godinom za grad Zagreb procijenjen je potencijal za pasivno hlađenje. Rezultati pokazuju da se uz optimalnu operabilnu površinu prozora u iznosu od 14 m2 po katu i fasadi korištenjem pasivnog hlađenja može pokriti 20,1% godišnje potrebne energije za hlađenje.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze savings in the annual cooling energy need for the FAMENA building using hybrid cooling which includes the combination of passive and mechanical cooling. It was assumed that the passive cooling is achieved solely using cross ventilation due to wind forces. TRNSYS software was used for the calculation of the annual cooling energy needs, while software CoolVent was used for passive cooling simulations. The study includes the description of the programs that were used, as well as the description of mathematical models of a multi-zone building and cross-ventilation. Taking into account the occupancy schedule of the building (every day from 8 AM to 6 PM, excluding weekends and annual vacation leave) and the set temperature of 26°C it was calculated that the annual cooling energy need without the use of passive cooling amounts to 68,386 kWh (14.3 kWh/m2). By using the results of passive cooling simulations the upper limit of outdoor temperature for each month was determined under the condition that the indoor temperature is lower than 26°C and thereby meets the thermal comfort requirements. The passive cooling potential was estimated by comparing calculated outdoor temperatures with the typical meteorological year for the city of Zagreb. The results show that passive cooling can meet 20.1% of annual cooling energy needs assuming the optimal operable window area of 14 m2 by floor and façade.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: prirodna ventilacija; pasivno hlađenje
Keywords (Croatian): natural ventilation; passive cooling
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering > process energy engineering
Divisions: 300 Department of Thermodynamics, Thermal and Process Engineering > 320 Chair of Thermal and Process Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 08:35
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2019 15:32
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/8775

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