Svojstva i primjena lanenim vlaknima ojačanih biokompozita

Karačić, Mihael (2018) Svojstva i primjena lanenim vlaknima ojačanih biokompozita. = Propertis and applications of flax fibre reinforced biocomposites. Master's thesis (Bologna) , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Žmak, Irena.

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Abstract (Croatian)

Tema diplomskog rada su svojstva i primjena lanenim vlaknima ojačanih biokompozita. U današnje vrijeme podizanja ekološke svijesti, upotreba prirodnih materijala koji nemaju štetan utjecaj na okoliš, te imaju mogućnost recikliranja i smanjenu potrošnju energije tijekom svoje proizvodnje, predstavljaju ekološki prihvatljivu alternativu. Teoretski dio ovog diplomskog rada daje uvid u prednosti i nedostatke kompozitnih materijala, prednosti i nedostatke prirodnih vlakana te načine proizvodnje prirodnih vlakana. Poseban naglasak stavljen je na lanena vlakna, njihovu strukturu, mehanička svojstva, te prednosti i nedostatke. Eksperimentalni dio opisuje izradu biokompozita ojačanog lanenim vlaknima s matricom od poliesterske smole, te mehanička ispitivanja. Osim toga, provedeno je ispitivanje zapaljivosti. Mehaničkim ispitivanjima utvrđen je nizak vlačni modul elastičnosti i vlačna čvrstoća, visoka savojna čvrstoća i savojni modul, dobra žilavosti i tvrdoća. Ispitivani kompozitni materijal pokazao se da nije samogasiv. Kompozitni materijal ojačan lanenim vlaknima može se primjenjivati u interijerima automobila, kao unutarnje zidne obloge u građevinarstvu, te u modernoj industriji namještaja. S obzirom da ispitivani kompozit nije samogasiv, potrebno bi bilo ispitati i utjecaj dodatka usporivača gorenja u duromernu matricu.

Abstract

This thesis is about properties and applications of flax fibre reinforced biocomposites. Today, when ecological consciousness grows, the use of natural materials that do not have a negative impact on the environment and have the ability to recycle and reduce energy consumption during production, is an environmentally acceptable alternative. Theoretical part of the thesis gives an insight into the advantages and disadvantages of composite materials, advantages and disadvantages of natural fibres and the production methods of natural fibres. Special emphasis is put on the flax fibres, structure of the fibres, their mechanical properties, advantages and disadvantages. Experimental part describes the making and mechanical testing of the composite material which consists of polyester resin based matrix and flax fibres as reinforcement. Also, a flammability test was carried out. The results of mechanical testing are low tensile modulus and low tensile strength, high flexural strength and flexural modulus, good toughness and high hardness. The studied flax composite material was not self-extinguishing. Potential applications of this composite material would be in the automobile industry for interior of automobile or for the modern manufacture of furniture and interior wall linings that can be used in construction industry. Considering the not self-extinguishing properties of the studied composite material, other resins with added fire retardants should be tested.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's thesis (Bologna))
Uncontrolled Keywords: lanena vlakna, biokompozit, mehanička svojstva, zapaljivost.
Keywords (Croatian): flax fibre, biocomposite, mechanical properties, flammability.
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering > mechanical engineering design and drafting
Divisions: 1000 Department of Materials > 1010 Chair of Materials and Tribology
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2018 11:32
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 14:52
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/8952

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