Tehno-ekonomska analiza sustava gospodarenja otpadnom ambalažom putem povratne naknade u RH

Musulin, Nemanja (2019) Tehno-ekonomska analiza sustava gospodarenja otpadnom ambalažom putem povratne naknade u RH. = Techno-economic analysis of deposit-based packaging waste management system in the Republic of Croatia. Master's thesis (Bologna) , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Schneider, Daniel Rolph.

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Abstract (Croatian)

Svijet i čovječanstvo se u 21. stoljeću nalaze na svojevrsnoj prekretnici. Stalni gospodarski rast uzrokuje sve veće generiranje otpada, a čovječanstvo problem otpada ignorira već dugo vremena. Nagomilani otpad, onaj koji se proizvodi i onaj koji će se proizvesti u budućnosti predstavlja izvor sekundarnih sirovina u politici kružnog gospodarstva koji će, ukoliko se iskoriste, smanjiti potražnju za već ionako istrošenim primarnim izvorom sirovina. U ovom radu se pokušava objasniti važnost zbrinjavanja otpada, točnije ambalažnog otpada od pića kroz sustav povratne naknade. Sustav povratne naknade (deposit return system) prepoznat je kao alat kojim će krajnji korisnik zbrinuti iskorištenu ambalažu od pića. Krajnji korisnik je kroz povratnu naknadu potaknut da ambalažni otpad od pića zbrine tako što ga vrati trgovcu i time povrati svoj novac kojim je preplatio proizvod pri kupnji. Sakupljač preuzima ambalažni otpad od trgovca te ga predaje centru za gospodarenje ambalažnim otpadom, a u konačnici ambalažni otpad završi kod obrađivača koji će ga ponovno iskoristiti. Izvršen je zakonodavni pregled, statistički pregled prethodnih godina te su postavljeni objektivni ciljevi u radu sustava povratne naknade te je prema tome napravljena tehno-ekonomska analiza. Predstavljen je i budući smjer kojem teži Republika Hrvatska te su ukratko pokazane prednosti rada takvog sustava. Na kraju je iznijet zaključak te prednosti i nedostaci sustava povratne naknade.

Abstract

In the 21st century, the world and the humankind are at a kind of turning point. The constant economic growth causes ever-growing generation of waste, while the humankind has been ignoring the waste problem for a long time. The piled waste, the one that is produced and that will be produced in the future, represents the source of secondary materials in the politics of circular economy that will, if used, reduce the demand for already used-up primary source of materials. This paper attempts to explain the importance of waste disposal, more precisely the beverage packaging waste through the deposit return system. The deposit return system has been recognized as a tool by which the user will dispose the used-up beverage packaging. Through deposit return, the end-user is encouraged to dispose the beverage packaging waste by returning it to the salesman and, by doing that, recovers the money he overpaid for the product. The collector takes the packaging waste from the salesman and delivers it to the center for management of packaging waste, and, ultimately ends up at the processor who will use it again. The legislative and statistical reviews of past years have been carried out and the objective goals in deposit return system have been set, and accordingly, a techno-economic analysis has been made. The future objective of the Republic of Croatia has also been presented together with the advantages of such system. Finally, the conclusion and the advantages and disadvantages of deposit return system have been expressed.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's thesis (Bologna))
Uncontrolled Keywords: otpad; kružno gospodarstvo; ambalažni otpad od pića; sustav povratne naknade
Keywords (Croatian): waste; circular economy; beverage packaging waste; deposit return system
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering > process energy engineering
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 510 Power Engineering and Energy Management Chair
Date Deposited: 09 May 2019 08:24
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2019 12:46
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/9296

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