Tehno-ekonomska analiza solarne toplane sa sezonskim skladištenjem toplinske energije u Zaprešiću

Vale, Carlo (2018) Tehno-ekonomska analiza solarne toplane sa sezonskim skladištenjem toplinske energije u Zaprešiću. = Techno-economic analysis of solar district heating plant with sessional heat storage in Zaprešić. Master's thesis (Bologna) , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Krajačić, Goran.

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Abstract (Croatian)

Centralizirani solarni toplinski sustavi predstavljaju budućnost u sektoru toplinarstva Europe. Cijena proizvedene toplinske energije gotovo je konstantna, tehnologija je čista i bez emisija, dostupna diljem Europe. U ljetnim razdobljima mogu u potpunosti zamijeniti ostale izvore toplinske energije, a zahvaljujući sezonskim spremnicima topline moguće je toplinsku energiju skladištiti za zimska razdoblja. Veliki centralizirani toplinski sustavi počinju se u Europi koristiti ranih 1980-ih godina, a danas u Europi postoji 199 takvih sustava nazivne toplinske snage veće od 700 kW. Najviše takvih sustava ima u Danskoj, gdje se nalazi i najveće takvo postrojenje u svijetu. U sklopu ovog rada napravljena je tehnoekonomska analiza solarne toplane sa sezonskim spremnikom topline u Zaprešiću uzevši u obzir sadašnju potrošnju toplinske energije. Napravljena je simulacija rada sustava u EnergyPLAN-u. Volumen toplinskog spremnika određen je na način da se ne odbacuje toplina proizvedena u solarnim kolektorima. Napravljeno je više scenarija, svaki sa različitom proizvodnjom toplinske energije u solarnim kolektorima i pripadajućim spremnikom. Kao najbolje rješenje se pokazala solarna toplana koja zadovoljava 64% potrošnje. Cijena toplinske energije dobivene iz solarne toplane iznosi 45,13 €/MWh za optimistični scenarij investicijskih troškova, odnosno 58,48 €/MWh za pesimistični scenarij investicijskih troškova. Osim toga, napravljena je simulacija rada sustava solarne toplane sa sezonskim spremnikom topline, kogeneracijskim postrojenjem i kotlovima na prirodni plin. Integracija solarne toplane sa sezonskim spremnikom topline se pokazala financijski isplativom. U optimističnom scenariju IRR iznosi 9,39% , dok za pesimistični scenarij IRR iznosi 6,29%.

Abstract

Centralized solar thermal systems represent the future in the European district heating sector. The price of produced heat is almost constant, technology is clean and emission free, available all over Europe. In the summer months, system can completely replace other thermal energy sources and when combined with the seasonal thermal storage it is possible to store heat for winter periods. Large centralized heat systems were started to be used in Europe in the early 1980s, and today in Europe there are 199 such systems of rated power greater than 700 kWth. Most of these systems are located in Denmark, where the largest facility of that kind in the world is located. A techno-economic analysis of the solar thermal system with the seasonal thermal storage that would take place in Zaprešić was made within this paper, taking into account current heat consumption. System simulation was performed in EnergyPLAN. The criterion of determining the volume of the thermal storage was not to reject any heat produced in solar collectors. Several scenarios have been made, each with a different production of heat in solar collectors and its corresponding storage. The best solution was shown to be a solar heating plant which produces 64% of heat consumed. The heat price from solar energy is 45.13 €/MWh for optimistic investment cost prediction, i.e. 58.48 €/MWh for pessimistic investment cost prediction. In addition, a simulation of a system operation consisting of solar heating plant with seasonal thermal storage, cogeneration plant and natural gas boilers was performed. The integration of solar heating plant with the seasonal thermal storage has been shown to be financially viable. In the optimistic scenario IRR stands at 9.39%, while for the pessimistic scenario IRR is 6.29%.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's thesis (Bologna))
Uncontrolled Keywords: centralizirani solarni toplinski sustav; EnergyPLAN; kogeneracija; kotlovi; sezonski spremnik topline; tehno-ekonomska analiza
Keywords (Croatian): centralized solar thermal system; EnergyPLAN; cogeneration; boilers; seasonal thermal storage; techno-economic analysis
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: 500 Department of Energy, Power Engineering and Environment > 510 Power Engineering and Energy Management Chair
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2018 07:57
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 07:57
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/8287

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