Uloga skiciranja u konceptualnoj fazi razvoja proizvoda

Nikolić, Marija (2018) Uloga skiciranja u konceptualnoj fazi razvoja proizvoda. = The role of sketching during conceptual phase of product development. Undergraduate thesis , Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, UNSPECIFIED. Mentor: Škec, Stanko.

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Abstract (Croatian)

Razvojni tim kao subjekt istraživanja je izazov za proučavanje zbog složenih odnosa i procesa socijalizacije između članova tima. Zbog toga je proces praćenja i shvaćanja, što se zapravo odvija u timu, kako funkcioniraju članovi tima i na koji način sudjeluju u procesu razvoja proizvoda, složen. U ovom radu analiziraju se uloga i utjecaj skiciranja koncepata i njihovo verbalno objašnjavanje u konceptualnoj fazi procesa konstruiranja. Skiciranje koncepata služi za stvaranje i prenošenje ideja i misli koje bi verbalno ili tekstualno bilo gotovo nemoguće izraziti, a praćen je usmenim objašnjavanjem čime se postiže stjecanje, prijenos i izmjena znanja između članova projektnog tima. U ovom radu analizirali su se protokoli pet studentskih timova koji su unutar 60-minutne sesije morali osmisliti koncept rješenja za zadani zadatak. Analiza protokola provedena je segmentiranjem i kodiranjem aktivnosti skiciranja u programskoj aplikaciji ELAN 5.0 kako bi se prikupljeni podatci mogli prikazati kvantitativno. Analizirani su količinski i vremenski udjeli aktivnosti definirani prema modelu okvir konstruiranje-komunikacija. Osim aktivnosti, provedene su i analize skica: metrikom kompleksnost-jasnoća i Goelovom analizom transformacije skica. Dobiveni rezultati analiza su pregledani, na temelju njih provedena je diskusija rezultata i doneseni su određeni zaključci, uspoređivanjem između svih pet timova u kontekstu broja aktivnosti i njihovog vremenskog udjela. Rezultati istraživanja pridonose razumijevanju uloge skiciranja kao važnog sredstva komunikacije između članova tima radi unaprjeđenja efikasnosti timskog rada, a time i cijelog procesa razvoja proizvoda.

Abstract

The design team as a subject of the research is a challenge because of complex relations and processes of socialization between members of the team. Because of this, the process of tracking and understanding what is actually happening in the team, how members of the team function and how they participate in the process of product development, is complex. This paper analyses the role and impact of conceptual design and their verbal explanation in the conceptual stage of the construction process. Sketching of concepts serves to create and convey ideas and thoughts that would be impossible to express verbally or textually, and is followed by a verbal explanation which leads to gaining, transferring and exchanging knowledge among project team members In this paper, protocols of five student teams who have to design a solution concept for the given task within a 60-minute session were analysed. The analyses of the protocol was performed by segmenting and coding the sketching activities in programing application ELAN 5.0, so that the collected data could be displayed quantitatively. Quantity and time shares of activities defined by the model of construction-communication framework were analyzed. Apart from the activities, analyses of sketches were also carried out using metric complexity-clarity and Gael's analysis of sketch transformations. The results of the analyses were reviewed and based on them a discussion of the results was made which led to some conclusions, comparing among all five teams in the context of the number of activities and their time share. The results of the research contribute to understanding the role of sketching as an important way of communication between team members in order to improve the efficiency of team work and therefore the entire product development process.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: razvoj proizvoda; konceptualna faza; skiciranje; analiza protokola
Keywords (Croatian): product development; conceptual stage; sketching; protocol analysis
Subjects: TECHNICAL SCIENCE > Mechanical Engineering
Divisions: 100 Department of Design > 110 Chair of Design
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 10:12
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 15:24
URI: http://repozitorij.fsb.hr/id/eprint/8869

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